Sustainable Nanocomposites and Hybrid Materials from Cellulose and Other Biopolymers
Associate Professor
UBC President’s Excellence Chair in Forest Bioproducts
Office:
Forestry 4036
Education
McGill University, 2001, B.Sc., Honours
McGill University, 2008, Ph.D.
Research Interests
  • Designing and characterizing innovative bio-based nanocomposites and bio-inspired materials
  • Exploring the applications of cellulose nanocrystals, cellulose nanofibrils and biopolymers in novel devices and products through interdisciplinary research
  • Measuring surface forces, morphology and tribology through advanced microscopy
  • Characterizing soft matter coatings, gels and emulsions using reflectivity and adsorption techniques
  • Extending state-of-the-art nano-testing tools and analyses to investigate new phenomena
  • Ensuring knowledge translation through high-impact publications and intellectual property

Collaborative Areas:

  • Academic: Biomedicine, Biomass-Enzyme Interactions, Energy Storage, Nan-device Fabrication, Polymer Processing/Self-Assembly/Reaction Engineering, Pulp & Paper, Wastewater Treatment
  • Industrial: Chemicals, Cosmetics, Engineering Solutions, Food, Household Products, Nanocellulose Production, Oil & Gas, Particles & Coatings, Plastics, Polymer Processing, Pulp & paper
Publications

1.    Vanderfleet, O.M.; Reid, M.S.; Bras, J.; Heux, L.; Godoy-Vargas, J.; Panga, M.K.R.; Cranston, E.D.* Insight Into Thermal Stability of Cellulose Nanocrystals from New Hydrolysis Methods with Acid Blends. Cellulose 2019, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-018-2175-7 (in press).

2.    Kedzior, S.A.; Zoppe, J.O.; Berry, R.M.; Cranston, E.D. Recent Advances and an Industrial Perspective of Cellulose Nanocrystal Functionalization through Polymer Grafting. Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cossms.2018.11.005 (in press).

3.    Levin, L.; Saem, S.;  Osorio, D.A.; Cerf, A.; Cranston, E.D.; Moran-Mirabal, J.M. Green Templating of Ultraporous Cross-Linked Cellulose Nanocrystal Microparticles. Chemistry of Materials 2018, 30, 8040-8051.

4.    Kedzior, S.A.; Kiriakou, M.; Niinivaara, E.; Dube, M.A.; Fraschini, C.; Berry, R. M.; Cranston, E.D.* Incorporating Cellulose Nanocrystals into the Core of Polymer Latex Particles through Polymer Grafting. ACS Macro Letters 2018, 7, 990-996.

5.    Liu, L.; Hu, Z.; Sui, X.; Guo, J.; Cranston, E.D.*; Mao, Z. Effect of Counterion Choice on the Stability of Cellulose Nanocrystal Pickering Emulsions. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2018, 57, 7169−7180.

6.    LeClair, D.; Cranston, E.D.; Lichty, B.D.; Xing, Z.; Thompson, M.R. Consecutive Spray Drying to Produce Coated Dry Powder Vaccines Suitable for Oral Administration. ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering 2018, 4, 1669-1678.

7.    King, A.W.T.; Kedzior, S.A.; Laaksonen, T.; Holding, A.J.; Helminen, J.K.J.; Heikkinen, S.; Mäkelä, M.; Cranston, E.D.; Kilpeläinen, I. Liquids NMR Toolbox for the Analysis of Chemically Modified Nanocelluloses. Biomacromolecules 2018, 19, 2708-2720.

8.    Osorio, D.A.; Seifried, B.; Moquin, P.; Grandfield, K.; Cranston, E.D.* Morphology of Cross-linked Cellulose Nanocrystal Aerogels: Cryo-templating vs. Pressurized Gas Expansion Processing. Journal of Materials Science 2018,53, 9842-9860.

9.    Ouzas, A.; Ninivaara, E.; Cranston, E.D.; Dube, M.A.. Cellulose Nanocrystal Nanocomposites for Adhesive Applications via In Situ Semi Batch Emulsion Polymerization. Macromolecular Reaction Engineering 2018, 12, 1700068.

10. Klemm, D.; Cranston, E.; Fischer, F.; Gama, M.; Kedzior, S.A.; Kralisch, D.; Kramer, F.; Kondo, F.; Lindström, T.; Nietzsche, S.; Petzold-Welcke, K.; Rauchfuß, F. Nanocellulose as a Natural Source for Groundbreaking Applications in Materials Science: Today’s State, Materials Today 2018, in press.

11. 25 authors including Reid, M.S.; Cranston, E.D.; Moon, R.J.; Foster, E.J. Current Characterization Methods for Cellulose Nanomaterials, Chemical Society Reviews 2018, 47, 2609-2679.

12. Ouzas, A.; Niinivaara, E.; Cranston, E.D.; Dubé, M.A. Synthesis of Poly(Isobutyl Acrylate/n-Butyl Acrylate/Methyl Methacrylate) CNC Nanocomposites for Adhesive Applications via In Situ Semi-Batch Emulsion Polymerization. Polymer Composites 2018, in press.

13. Vanderfleet, O.M.; Osorio, D.A.; Cranston, E.D.* Optimization of Cellulose Nanocrystal Length and Surface Charge Density through Phosphoric Acid Hydrolysis. Philosophical Transactions A 2018, 376, 20170041.

14. Dastjerdi, Z.; Cranston, E.D.; Dube, M.A. Pressure Sensitive Adhesive Property Modification using Cellulose Nanocrystals, International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives 2018, 81, 36-42.

15. Reid, M.S.; Stimpson, T.C,; Niinivaara, E.; Villalobos, M.; Cranston, E.D.* Comparing Soft Semicrystalline Polymer Nanocomposites Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals and Fumed Silica. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 2017, 57, 220-230.

16. De France, K.J.; Yager, K.G.; Chan, K.J.W.; Corbett, B.; Cranston, E.D.; Hoare, T.  Injectable Anisotropic Nanocomposite Hydrogels Direct in Situ Growth and Alignment of Myotubes. Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 64876495.

17. Kedzior, S.A.; Dube, M.A.; Cranston, E.D.* Cellulose Nanocrystals and Methyl Cellulose as Costabilizers for Nanocomposite Latexes with Double Morphology. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2017, 5, 10509-10517.

18. Reid, M.S.; Kedzior, S.A.; Villalobos, M.; Cranston, E.D.* Effect of Ionic Strength and Surface Charge Density on the Kinetics of Cellulose Nanocrystal Thin Film Swelling. Langmuir 2017, 33 (30), 7403-7411.

19. Martin, C.; Barker, R.; Watkins, E.; Dubreuil, F.; Cranston, E.D.; Heux, L.; Jean, B. Hybrid All-Nanoparticle Gibbsite Nanoplatelet/Cellulose Nanocrystal Multilayered Films with Highly Tunable Architectures. Langmuir, 2017, 33, 78967907.

20. Reid, M.S.; Marway, H.S.; Moran-Hidalgo, C.; Villalobos, M.; Cranston, E.D.* Polyethylene Glycol Adsorption to Cellulose and Silica Colloids. Cellulose 2017, 24, 4743–4757.

21. De France, K.J.; Hoare, T.; Cranston, E.D.* Review of Nanocellulose Aerogels and Hydrogels. Chemistry of Materials 2017, 29, 46094631.

22. Hu, Z.; Berry, R.M.; Pelton, R.; Cranston, E.D.* One-Pot Water-Based Hydrophobic Surface Modification of Cellulose Nanocrystals Using Plant Polyphenols. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2017, 5 (6), 5018-5026.

23. Afkhami, S.; LeClair, D.A.; Haddadi, S.; Lai, R.; Toniolo, S.; Ertl, H.C.; Cranston, E.D.; Thompson, M.R.; Xing, Z. Spray Dried Human and Chimpanzee Adenoviral-vectored Vaccines are Thermally Stable and Immunogenic In Vivo. Vaccine 2017, 35 (22), 2916-2924.

24. Gill, U.; Sutherland, T.; Himbert, S.; Rheinstädter, M.; Cranston, E.D.*; Moran-Mirabal, J.* Beyond Buckling: Humidity-Independent Measurement of the Mechanical Properties of Green Nanocomposite Films. Nanoscale 2017, 9(23), 7689–8034.

25. Dastjerdi, Z.; Cranston, E.D.; Dube, M.A. Synthesis of Poly(n-butyl acrylate/methyl methacrylate)/CNC Latex Nanocomposites via In Situ Emulsion Polymerization. Macromolecular Reaction Engineering 2017, 11, 1700013.

26. Reid, M.S.; Marway, H.S.; Villalobos, M.; Cranston, E.D.* Hydrogen Bonding and Polymer Adsorption: A Look at Polyethylene Glycol with Cellulose and Silica Colloids. Current Opinion in Colloids and Interface Science 2017, 29, 76–82. Invited Article.

27. Kedzior, S.A.; Marway, H.S.; Cranston, E.D.* Predicting Cellulose Nanocrystal and Surfactant Behaviour in Mini Emulsion Polymerization. Macromolecules 2017, 50 (7), 2645-2655.

28. Reid, M.; Villalobos, M.; Cranston, E.D.* Benchmarking Cellulose Nanocrystals: From Laboratory Scale to Applications. Langmuir (Feature Article) 2016, 33 (7), 1583-1598. Invited Feature Article.

29. Abitbol, T.*; Marway, H.S.; Kedzior, S.A.; Yang, X.; Franey, A.; Gray, D.G.; Cranston, E.D. Hybrid Fluorescent Nanoparticles from Quantum Dots Coupled to Cellulose Nanocrystals. Cellulose 2016 24 (3), 1287-1293.

30. Hu, Z.; Xu, R.; Cranston, E.D.; Pelton, R.* Stable Aqueous Foams from Cellulose Nanocrystals and Methyl Cellulose. Biomacromolecules 2016, 17 (12), 4095–4099.

31. Hatton, F.L.; Kedzior, S.A.; Cranston, E.D.; Carlmark, A.* Grafting-from Cellulose Nanocrystals via Photoinduced Cu-mediated Reversible-deactivation Radical Polymerization. Carbohydrate Polymers 2016, 157, 1033-1040.

32. Zhu, H.; Yang, X.; Zhu, S.; Cranston, E.D.* Flexible and Porous Nanocellulose Aerogels with High Loadings of Metal-Organic Framework Particles for Separations Applications. Advanced Materials 2016, 28 (35), 7652-7657.

33. Shi, K.; Yang, X.; Cranston, E.; Zhitomirsky, I. Efficient Lightweight Supercapacitor with Compression Stability. Advanced Functional Materials 2016, 26 (35), 6437-6445.

34. LeClair, D.; Cranston, E.D.; Xing, Z.; Thompson, M. Optimization of Spray Drying Conditions for Yield, Particle Size and Biological Activity of Thermally Stable Viral Vectors. Pharmaceutical Research 2016, 33, 2763-2777.

35. De France, K.J.; Yager, K. G.; Hoare, T.; Cranston, E.D.* Cooperative Ordering and Kinetics of Cellulose Nanocrystal Alignment in a Magnetic Field. Langmuir 2016, 32 (30), 7564-7571. Invited cover art.

36. Dong, X.; Marway, H.S.; Cranston, E.D.; Pelton, R.H. Relating Nanoparticle Shape and Adhesiveness to Performance as Flotation Collectors. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 2016, 55 (36), 9633–9638.

37. Benselfelt, T.; Cranston, E.D.; Ondaral, S.; Johansson, E.; Brumer, H.; Rutland, M.W.; Wagberg, L. Adsorption of Xyloglucan onto Cellulose Surfaces of Different Morphologies: An Entropy-driven Process. Biomacromolecules 2016, 17 (9), 2801-2811.

38. Chau, M.; De France, K.J.; Kopera, B.; Machado, V.; Rosenfeldt, S.; Reyes, L.; Chan, K.J.W.; Foster, S.; Cranston, E.D.; Hoare, T.; Kumacheva, E. Composite Hydrogels with Tunable Anisotropic Morphologies and Mechanical Properties. Chemistry of Materials 2016, 28 (10), 3406–3415.

39. Reid, M.; Villalobos, M.; Cranston, E.D.* Cellulose Nanocrystal Interactions Probed by Thin Film Swelling to Predict Dispersibility. Nanoscale 2016, 8, 12247-12257.

40. LeClair, D.; Cranston, E.D.; Xing, Z.; Thompson, M. Evaluation of Excipients for Enhanced Thermal Stabilization of a Human Type 5 Adenoviral Vector through Spray Drying. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 2016, 506, 289–301.

41. Hu, Z.; Marway, H.S.; Kasem, H.; Pelton, R.; Cranston, E.D.* Dried and Redispersible Cellulose Nanocrystal Pickering Emulsions. ACS Macro Letters 2016, 5, 185–189.

42. De France, K.J.; Chan, K.J.W.; Cranston, E.D.; Hoare, T. Enhanced Mechanical Properties in Cellulose Nanocrystal–Poly(oligoethylene glycol methacrylate) Injectable Nanocomposite Hydrogels through Control of Physical and Chemical Cross-Linking. Biomacromolecules 2016 17, 649-660.

43. LaRue, R.; Cobbledick, J.; Latulippe, D.R.; Cranston, E.D. High-throughput dewatering test – a parallel processing format for screening and optimization studies, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2016, 105, 85–93.

44. Yang, X.; Shi, K.; Zhitomirsky, I.; Cranston, E.D.* Cellulose Nanocrystal Aerogels as Universal 3D Lightweight Substrates for Supercapacitor Materials. Advanced Materials 2015, 27, 6104–6109. Invited cover art and highlighted in 13+ popular science magazines and blogs.

45. Kedzior, S.A.; Graham, L.; Dooley, B. M.; Moorlag, C.; Cranston, E.D.* Poly(methyl methacrylate)-Grafted Cellulose Nanocrystals: One-Step Synthesis, Characterization and Nanocomposites. Journal of Canadian Chemical Engineering, 2016, 94, 811-822.

46. Hu, Z.; Patten, T.; Pelton, R.; Cranston, E.D.* Synergistic Stabilization of Emulsions and Emulsion Gels with Water-Soluble Polymers and Cellulose Nanocrystals, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2015, 3, 1023–1031.

47. Goujon, L. J.; Hariharan, A.; Sayyar, B.; Burke, N. A. D.; Cranston, E.D.; Andrews, D. W.; Stover, D. H. Tuneable Hydrogel Thin Films from Reactive Synthetic Polymers as Potential 2D Cell Scaffolds. Langmuir 2015, 31, 5623–5632.

48. Rivkin, A.; Abitbol, T.; Nevo, Y.; Verker, R.; Lapidot, S.; Komarov, A.; Veldhuis, S.; Zilberman, G.; Cranston, E.D., Shoseyov, O. Bionanocomposite films from Resilin-CBD bound to Cellulose Nanocrystals. Industrial Biotechnology 2015, 11, 44-58.

49. Cranston, E.D.; Moran-Mirabal, J.M. Cellulose Nanotechnology: Fundamentals and Applications – Overview: Cellulose Nanotechnology on the Rise. Industrial Biotechnology 2015, 11, 1-2.

50. Hu, Z.; Ballinger, S.; Pelton, R.; Cranston, E.D.* Surfactant-Enhanced Cellulose Nanocrystal Pickering Emulsions. Journal of Colloids and Interface Science 2015, 439, 1439-148.

51. Yang, X.; Cranston, E.D.* Chemically Cross-linked Cellulose Nanocrystal Aerogels with Shape-Memory and Superabsorbent Properties. Chemistry of Materials, 2014, 26, 6016-6025. Highlighted in Chemical and Engineering News, October 2014 – Chemistry in Pictures.

52. Abitbol, T.; Prevo, B.; Galli, C.; Choudhary, S.; Corwin, J.; Villalpando, F.; Nguyen, L.; Villalobos, M.; Komarov, A.; Veldhuis, S.; Cranston, E.D.* A Comparison of Nanocrystalline Cellulose and Fumed Silica Nanoparticles in Latex Coatings. Green Materials 2014, 2, 206-221.

53. Hu, Z.; Cranston, E.D.; Ng, R.; Pelton, R.; Tuning Cellulose Nanocrystal Gelation with Polysaccharides and Surfactants, Langmuir 2014, 30, 2684-2692.

54. Abitbol, T.; Marway, H.; Cranston, E.D.* Surface Modification of Cellulose Nanocrystals with Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide. Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, 2014, 29 (1) 46-59.

55. Osterberg, M.; Cranston, E.D. Special Issue on Nanocellulose – Editorial. Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, 2014, 29 (1) 1-2.

56. Yang, X.; Bakaic, E.; Hoare, T.; Cranston, E.D.* Injectable Polysaccharide Hydrogels Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals: Morphology, Rheology, Degradation, and Cytotoxicity Biomacromolecules 2013, 14, 4447-4455. Highlighted in Chemical and Engineering News, June 2014 – Nano from the Forest.

57. Abitbol, T.; Palermo, A.; Moran-Mirabal, J. M.; Cranston, E. D*. Fluorescent Labeling and Characterization of Cellulose Nanocrystals with Varying Charge Contents. Biomacromolecules 2013, 14, 3278-3284.

58. Kan, K.H.M.; Li, J.; Wijesekera, K.; Cranston, E.D.* Polymer-Grafted Cellulose Nanocrystals as pH Responsive Reversible Flocculants. Biomacromolecules 2013, 14, 3130-3139. Highlighted in Canadian Chemical News (ACCN) Sept.-Oct. 2013.

59. Kan, K.H.M.; Cranston, E.D.* Mechanical Testing of Thin Film Nanocellulose Composites Using Buckling Mechanics, TAPPI Journal 2013, 12, 9-17. Invited cover art and winner of the 2013 Best Nanotechnology Article in TAPPI Journal Award.

60. Sato, T.; Ali, M. M.; Pelton, R.; Cranston, E.D.* DNA Stickers Promote Polymer Adsorption onto Cellulose, Biomacromolecules 2012, 13, 3173-3180.

61. Álvarez, R.; Cranston, E.D.; Atkin, R.; Rutland, M.W. Suppression of Stiction by an Ionic Liquid: Nanotribology Using Colloid Probe AFM, Langmuir 2012, 28, 9967-9976.

62. Werzer, O.; Cranston, E.D.; Warr, G. G.; Atkin, R.; Rutland, M.W. Ionic liquid Nanotribology: Mica–Silica Interactions in Ethylammonium Nitrate. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2012, 14, 5147-5152.

63. Cranston, E.D.*; Eita, M.; Johansson, E.; Netrval, J.; Salajkova, M.; Arwin, H; Wågberg, L. Determination of the Young’s Modulus for Nanofibrillated Cellulose Multilayer Thin Films Using Buckling Mechanics, Biomacromolecules 2011, 12, 961-969.

64. Cranston, E.D.*; Gray, D.G.; Rutland, M.W. Direct Surface Force Measurements of Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films Containing Nanocrystalline Cellulose, Langmuir 2010, 26, 17190-17197.

65. Hasani, M.; Cranston, E.D.; Westman, G.; Gray, D.G., Cationic Surface Functionalization of Cellulose Nanocrystals, Soft Matter 2008, 4, 2238-2244.

66. Cranston, E.D.; Gray, D.G., Birefringence in Spin-Coated Films Containing Cellulose Nanocrystals. Colloids and Surfaces A 2008, 325, 44-51. (All research and manuscript writing performed by me with editorial assistance from Gray)

67. Cranston, E.D.; Gray, D.G., Morphological and Optical Characterization of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers Incorporating Nanocrystalline Cellulose. Biomacromolecules 2006, 7, 2522-2530.

68. Cranston, E.D.; Gray, D.G., Formation of Cellulose-based Electrostatic Layer-by-layer Films in a Magnetic Field. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 2006, 7, 319-321.

Cranston, E.; Kawada, J.; Raymond, S.; Morin, F.; Marchessault, R.H. Co-Crystallization Model for Synthetic Biodegradable Poly(butyene adipate-co-butylene terephthalate). Biomacromolecules 2003, 4, 995-99

Teaching philosophy
  • Implementing teaching methodologies and education technology focusing on student-centered learning
  • Developing education multimedia, demonstrations and websites for Science and Engineering
  • Leading problem solving workshops
  • Sharing “best practices” presentations for communication and networking within the job search context